The signs and symptoms of periodontal disease can be difficult to detect without the assistance of an experienced dentist and staff. Also referred to as gum disease, periodontal disease is the destruction of the gums, bone, and other structures that support the teeth.
Patients suffering from periodontal disease may notice tender, swollen gums. Bleeding during brushing or flossing is another indicator of inflammation and disease. As periodontal disease progresses, the gums will begin to pull away from the teeth, exposing the sensitive root surface. Below the surface, bone loss can occur. Surprisingly, bone loss occurs with little or no pain, leaving periodontal patients completely unaware of the extent of the disease.
Our dentist in River North has the tools and knowledge to help you identify periodontal disease and provide the appropriate treatment. Using a series of x-rays and evaluating the gums with a periodontal probe, the degree of periodontal disease can be determined.
Once a diagnosis has been made, periodontal therapy may be recommended. Periodontal disease is a bacterial infection of the gums and bone. Protected by sticky plaque and rock hard tarter, the bacteria can travel beneath the gum line, causing chronic inflammation. Special dental instruments must be used to remove the buildup and eliminate disease. In addition to this deep level of cleaning, known as scaling and root planing, specially medicated mouth rinses and antibiotics may be utilized to eliminate the active infection.
The danger of periodontal disease lies in the fact that damaged bone can never be expected to grow back in order to support the teeth. For this reason, many patients who have suffered from uncontrolled periodontal disease are also confronted with tooth loss. These patients must also contend with the discomfort of receding gums. The risks of gum recession includes sensitivity to cold foods and drinks, as well as an increased risk of new cavities on the exposed root surface.
To prevent periodontal disease from progressing, your dentist will advise you to practice proper home care habits. This includes brushing after meals, flossing once each day, and scheduling routine dental visits. To find out if you are displaying the signs of periodontal disease, call for your appointment today.